Migrants who cross the southern US border illegally will no longer be eligible for asylum under a new rule, the Trump administration has said.
The new measures would deny asylum to those who breach any presidential restriction on entry.
The president can stop migration in the “national interest”, a statement said. Rights groups have called the move “illegal.”
Immigration was a major focus in Mr Trump’s mid-term election campaign.
Before the mid-terms, President Trump frequently denounced a caravan of thousands of Central Americans making their way north through Mexico.
He ordered troops to the border and declared the migrants to be an “invasion”. Without offering evidence, Mr Trump repeatedly suggested the caravan was politically motivated.
What is the new rule?
The joint statement said presidents have the power to “suspend the entry of all aliens” and to impose “any restrictions he may deem to be appropriate on them” if they are judged to be “detrimental” to US interests under the Immigration and Nationality Act.
“Today, we are using the authority granted to us by Congress to bar aliens who violate a Presidential suspension of entry or other restriction from asylum eligibility,” the statement said.
The rule will not apply retroactively. President Trump is expected to sign it shortly.
Under US law, there is a legal obligation to hear asylum claims from migrants if they say they fear violence in their home countries.
Under international law, those who do have a serious fear of persecution are considered refugees.
Until now asylum seekers have been entitled to a hearing in the US regardless of how they arrived in the country.
What have critics said?
The American Civil Liberties Union, a group that defends individual rights, declared the move “illegal”.
“US law specifically allows individuals to apply for asylum whether or not they are at a port of entry,” it said.
Human rights group Amnesty International also came out against the rule.
Secretary General Kumi Naidoo issued a statement attacking the president’s “dehumanising rhetoric”.
“Asylum is not a loophole, it is a lifeline,” Mr Naidoo said. “This policy needlessly places the lives of thousands of people in danger.”
Earlier efforts by the Trump administration to limit migration prompted a political and legal backlash.
In June the president signed an executive order promising to “keep families together” in migrant detentions, after undocumented parents and children were separated at the border.
Days later, the Supreme Court upheld the president’s controversial travel ban against people from several Muslim majority countries.
A number of lower courts had originally deemed the measure unconstitutional.